It’s that time of the year again! The 2015 Digital Humanities conference will take place next summer in Australia, and as per usual, I’m going to summarize what is being submitted to the conference and, eventually, how those submissions become accepted. Each year reviewers get the chance to “bid” on conference submissions, and this lets us get a peak inside the general trends in DH research. This post (pt. 1) will focus solely on this year’s submissions, and next post will compare them to previous years and locations.
It’s important to keep in mind that trends in the conference over the last three years may be temporal, geographic, or accidental. The 2013 conference took place in Nebraska, 2014 in Switzerland, 2015 in Australia, and 2016 is set to happen in Poland; it’s to be expected that regional differences will significantly inform who is submitting pieces and what topics will be discussed.
This year, 358 pieces were submitted to the conference (about as many as were submitted to Nebraska in 2013, but more on that in the follow-up post). As with previous years, authors could submit four varieties of works: long papers, short papers, posters, and panels / multi-paper sessions. Long papers comprised 54% of submissions, panels 4%, posters 15%, and short papers 30%.
In total, there were 859 named authors on submissions – this number counts authors more than once if they appear on multiple submissions. Of those, 719 authors are unique. 1 Over half the submissions are multi-authored (58%), with 2.4 authors per submission on average, a median of 2 authors per submission, and a max of 10 authors on one submission. While the majority of submissions included multiple authors, the sheer number of single-authored papers still betrays the humanities roots of DH. The histogram is below.
As with previous years, authors may submit articles in any of a number of languages. The theme of this year’s conference is “Global Digital Humanities”, but if you expected a multi-lingual conference, you might be disappointed. Of the 358 submissions, 353 are in English. The rest are in French (2), Italian (2), and German (1).
Submitting authors could select from a controlled vocabulary to tag their submissions with topics. There were 95 topics to choose from, and their distribution is not especially surprising. Two submissions each were tagged with 25 topics, suggesting they are impressively far reaching, but for the most part submissions stuck to 5-10 topics. The breakdown of submissions by topic is below, where the percentage represents the percentage of submissions which are tagged by a specific topic. My interpretation is below that.
A full 21% of submissions include some form of Text Analysis, and a similar number claim Text or Data Mining as a topic. Other popular methodological topics are Visualizations, Network Analysis, Corpus Analysis, and Natural Language Processing. The DH-o-sphere is still pretty text-heavy; Audio, Video, and Multimedia are pretty low on the list, GIS even lower, and Image Analysis (surprisingly) even lower still. Bibliographic methods, Linguistics, and other approaches more traditionally associated with the humanities appear pretty far down the list. Other tech-y methods, like Stylistics and Agent-Based Modeling, are near the bottom. If I had to guess, the former is on its way down, and the latter on its way up.
Unsurprisingly, regarding disciplinary affiliations, Literary Studies is at the top of the food chain (I’ll talk more about how this compares to previous years in the next post), with Archives and Repositories not far behind. History is near the top tier, but not quite there, which is pretty standard. I don’t recall the exact link, but Ben Schmidt argued pretty convincingly that this may be because there are simply fewer new people in History than in Literary Studies. Digitization seems to be gaining some ground its lost in the previous years. The information science side (UX Design, Knowledge Representation, Information Retrieval, etc.) seems reasonably strong. Cultural Studies is pretty well-represented, and Media Studies, English Studies, Art History, Anthropology, and Classics are among the other DH-inflected communities out there.
Thankfully we’re not completely an echo chamber yet; only about a tenth of the submissions are about DH itself – not great, not terrible. We still seem to do a lot of talking about ourselves, and I’d like to see that number decrease over the next few years. Pedagogy-related submissions are also still a bit lower than I’d like, hovering around 10%. Submissions on the “World Wide Web” are decreasing, which is to be expected, and TEI isn’t far behind.
All in all, I don’t really see the trend toward “Global Digital Humanities” that the conference is themed to push, but perhaps a more complex content analysis will reveal a more global DH than we’ve sen in the past. The self-written Keyword tags (as opposed to the Topic tags, not a controlled vocabulary) reveal a bit more internationalization, although I’ll leave that analysis for a future post.
It’s worth pointing out there’s a statistical property at play that makes it difficult to see deviations from the norm. Shakespeare appears prominently because many still write about him, but even if Shakespearean research is outnumbered by work on more international playwrights, it’d be difficult to catch, because I have no category for “international playwright” – each one would be siphoned off into its own category. Thus, even if the less well-known long tail topics significantly outweigh the more popular topics, that fact would be tough to catch.
All in all, it looks like DH2015 will be an interesting continuation of the DH tradition. Perhaps the most surprising aspect of my analysis was that nothing in it surprised me; half-way around the globe, and the trends over there are pretty identical to those in Europe and the Americas. It’ll take some more searching to see if this is a function of the submitting authors being the same as previous years (whether they’re all simply from the Western world), or whether it is actually indicative of a fairly homogeneous global digital humanities.
Stay-tuned for Part 2, where I compare the analysis to previous years’ submissions, and maybe even divine future DH conference trends using tea leaves or goat entrails or predictive modeling (whichever seems the most convincing; jury’s still out).
- As far as I can tell – I used all the text similarity methods I could think of to unify the nearly-duplicate names. ↩